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Llandarcy is a village near Neath in Neath Port Talbot county borough, southwest Wales, and formerly the site of the UK's first oil refinery. The village, which lies near the Junction 43 of the M4 Motorway, was originally designed as a garden village to house the workers for the refinery, built by BP Oil between 1918-22. Llandarcy was chosen as a site for a refinery because of its proximity to Swansea docks, where crude oil could be transported by sea from the Middle East. The site was damaged by Luftwaffe bombing in 1940. At its peak the refinery was a major employer in South West Wales, with over 2600 workers. However, it was also responsible for industrial pollution at nearby Crymlyn Bog, an area designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest. Operations at the refinery were gradually been scaled back in the late 20th century, and the site closed in 1998. The village, named after William Knox D'Arcy (founding director of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, forerunner of BP)...
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Updated: 2012-08-04 20:57:28.837721 (UTC)